Copyright Attribution and Fair Use Disclaimer

This site and the content made available through this site are for educational purposes only.

Teaching Material

The "teaching material" on this website includes the English listening, speaking, reading, and writing material created by ESL teachers. The intellectual property developed and contributed by teachers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Video Rights Reserved to the Copyright Owners

Except where noted, we make no copyright claim to the videos used in the teaching material shared on this website. All video rights are reserved to the copyright owners. Moreover, those videos are hosted on Youtube or other video hosting websites and we cannot guarantee their availability.

For example, a teacher may develop a listening comprehension quiz that is based on a TED Talk. While the teacher-developed listening activity is licensed under a CC 4.0 license, the video is not.

Fair Use

The Copyright Laws of the United States recognize a "fair use" of copyrighted videos. Section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act states: "Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright."

We believe the video content used here is in good faith protected by federal law and the fair use doctrine for one or more of the reasons noted above. If you have any specific concerns about a video or our position on the fair use defense, please contact us at so we can discuss amicably. Thank you.